Фёдор Михайлович Достоевский
(11.11.1821 - 09.02.1881)
. , (17891839), (-) , 1828 . 1831 , 1833 . , , , , . 1837 , . , ; , . , Ը ( ; 18001837). : , (18221893), , (18291896), (18311883), (18351889).
1833 . . ; " ". 1834 1837 . . , . . , . . . . . . .
, .. ( ), 1837 . . . . . , - . 1838 , : "... . ... , , , ... , ...". " " . , . . , . . , . . .
" ", 1838 " ". . 16 1841 , , " " " ".
" " 1844. , : , , . , Ը . ( 1843 .) - , 1844, , .
1844 " " , . . 1844 1845 " ".
" ", " " "" , . , "" " ", " ".
1845 ( ) . 1845 . (03, 1845, 11), "" (03, 1846, 2), , "".
" " (1846) "" (1847), , 18601870- ., . , "" , "", "" . " ", " ", - " " " " , , .
1846 . "": , . ( , ), . , .. , . " ". ( , " " . . ).
1846 , - , . , .. .. . - 1847 "" ..-. . 23 1849; , , III . 8 , , , . " " , " ". - : "... - , , , ". 22 1849 . I 4- " " .
24 . 10 1850 , .. , .. .. ; , . 1850 1854 "" . 1854 7- () . . 1855 -, ( .. ) ; 1857 , 1875.
1857 .. , , , " ... ... , ". : , . ("" , , , " " ). 1857 " ", . "" " " " ", .. , , .. . "" .
18 1859 " " ( ). 2 1859 . 1859 , . , 1859 .
"" , , , . " " , 1840- ., 1850- .; . , . " ".
, , " - " "". , " , , ". "" "" "" . "" " ", , , "" . , , "", "". , . " " ("", 1864) - "" .
: " , . . , , , , , , , , !".
1862 ; , , , , . 1863 . .. , (18611866) "", "" . -, , , , ", "; . 1863 . , 1863 1864 , .
1864 . 15 . , "" , ( , " " ""). 10 .. . 26 . 3 ""; , 1865 . 15 , . , .. 1 1866.
1865 ..-, ..- . , 1865 " ", . 1866 , , " ".
" " , : " , . , , , . , , ...". " ", , " ", , . , , , - , , , . , , " " " ".
1866 " " "". : 4 1866 .. ; "", . ", , , " " " "" . " , , , , ".
1867 . . 1867 1871 (, , -, , , ). 22 1868 , ( ) . 14 1869 ; 16 1871 Ը; 12 . 1875 , .
18671868 "". " , , , , . . , ..." "" , "" " " "" " ". " ". " ", .. , "" - . , (" "), , .. . . . , , 1860-, 1840- ., .. , , , .. , .. , .. - .
"", , "" . , - "" ϸ (), " " .
1871 . 1872 ; . 1876 .
1872 "" . . , - "". , . , 1872 , , . (1873) " " ( , , , ), ( " "). . , , " ". 1874 , . ( ) 1847 1875, 1876 1879.
1870- . -, , , (1874) "" " ", " " .
" " , . , , "" " " , "" " " "" .
. 1875 "" " " (1876 1877), -. : " " , , . : , , , , ". "" 18761877 , , , "", . "" , , - , , , -, . "" " ", "" , " , ".
, "" 1870- ., .
. 1877 - . 1879 , . . - . 1877 " " , ; 30 .
" ". ( . . ) (1875) (1876). 1878 , . . 1878 , , ; 1880 . . , . . -. , , . " " . 1877 "" " , ... " ".
" " , . , , , " , ". " ", " ", "" "" , " " .
" " "" - .
1881 , " ", " " . . . . , " " 29 . " " ... , ", ...". 25 26 . 28 , 8 . 38 . .
31 1881 . - .