Томас Стернз Элиот
(26.09.1888 - 04.01.1965)
- ( ). . , -, , . ., , , , , , , .
- -, . 1906 . . , , . .
. (Harvard Advocate) 1909 1910 . , , -. , - , .
1911 . , . - .. , . , , -, . . . . 1915 . , , ; 1925 . ( ), , .
1915 . . . , 19 . , 1947 .
1917 1919 . . (Egoist). , (Catholic Anthology) 1915 . . (Prufrock and Other Observations) (Poems) - (Hogarth Press) 1917 1919 . , . . (The Love Song of J. Alfred Prufrock), ., , , , ... (. . ) , , . XX ., , , .
.- . . 1919 ., (Times Literary Supplement), . . , . (The Sacred Wood, 1920). , , , , , , . , , . . (Homage to John Dryden, 1924) (Selected Essays, 1932) , , . , . : objective correlative , , , , , ; dissociation of sensibility ( ), . XVII . . (Criterion), , 4 1922 1939 .
1922 . . (The Waste Land), , - .
( 434 ) . (, , , .) , , , ., , , . , , . 1927 . . . (For Lancelot Andrewes) , . , . , , . - , , ., , . (Ash Wednesday, 1930) , . . - (Anabasis, 1930), , . .
30- . . . (The Rock, 1934) (Murder in the Cathedral, 1935) . . . . (The Family Retinion, 1939), (The Cocktail Party, 1950), (The Confidential Clerk, 1954) (The Elder Statesman, 1959) . . , , .
40- . (Four Quartets, 1943), (Burnt Norton, 1941), (East Coker, 1940), (The Dry Salvages, 1941) (Little Gidding, 1942) . , , , , , .
1948 . . . , . . , . . ; , .
1957 . . . 1965 ., 76 , -, , XVII . .
. . (1948), (1954), (1954). . 16 , - - ().
. , , , . 1948 . 1947 1954 .
, ., . , . . . , . ., , , , - .
. , . , , , , , .