Николай Васильевич Гоголь
(01.04.1809 - 04.03.1852)
. 1000 .400 . , . . - (17771825), , 1805 M. . (17911868), , . : , ( 1819), (18111844), (18211893), (18231864) (18251907).
( ). , . . (17541829), , , ( ); . , , - , .
. , , , , .
18181819 , , 18201821, , . 1821 . , - , . ( , , , ). " , " ( ). " " , " ", . . . . , , . 1827 " ", , ; .
1828, . . (18091888), . , , : 1829 "", ". " " " " ". . . - . . (1830 .), . 1829 , , . . .
1829 . 1830 1831 ( , ), - . . . " ", , . . ", " (1830) : " " (1831 .), ". : " (1831 .), "" (1831 .). "" , . , . . , . 1831 : , ; " ". : . . , . . , .. , 1831 ( ).
" " (18311832). .
2- "" 1832 . . . , . . , . . , . . . ( ) . . . . , . . , . . . , 1833, , . " 3- ", , , . , .
( , " ", " ...", 1834; . "") . , . 1834 , , - - . , , , "" "". " , " ( "" 1834 .).
"" (1835 .) "" (1835 . ) , , "". "" : , , . "" . , , , , , . " " "" (1835; 1836), , . " ", , (""), , , , .
1835 . , , , . ( , ).
1835 "", ; , 18 1836 ( , . . ), - . 19 . 25 , .
, ; . . . . . , , " ". . . , , . . , , , . , , , .
; , , . 1836 . "", " ", . ; , .
1836 ( 12 ). , " ". . 1835, "", . , .
1836 , . . 1837, " ", . " " " " " " . 1837 , . . , . . , 3. . . : , -, , . , 1- . : 1838 - . . ; . . , ( 1839 ) " " ( , 1856); 1839 -- . . , .
1839 " " , , , , . 6 . .
9 1840 , , . . . 9 , 1- . 1840 , , 1839 (" "; 1840; 1861), . 1840 1841 , 1- . ; 5 . 1842, , , .. , . 9 . . , " ", . " , " (. 1, ., 1842) .
, , , , . , , ...
, 1842 . . , . . . 2- " ", , -, 1840; . " " 1843, .
(18421845), , 2- " ".
" " , . , 18431844, . , . 1844 . . , . XXVIII " ..." " ".
, . " " "", 18441845.
1845 . " " , . , , , , . 1845, , 2- . ( " " " ") , " " .
. . 1846 . . . , . . . . . (1847).
2- , , , : 2- ( 1846) " ", " " ( 1856), " " (" " ) " " , .
1847 " ". , 2- , : , , "" "", .
" " . . . , , .. , . . . . , . . . . . . . . " " .. .
: 1847 , . "": " ... ... , , ". , " " ( 1855 .), , , . " " 2- . " " (), . , .
18471848 , , , " ". . 1848 . . 1848 , ; , . . , : . . , . . , . . , . . .
. 18491850, 2- " " . , . 1850 . . , .
1850 ( " ") ; . . , . , , 2- .
. ; , , ; , ., . . , . 1851 , , . 2- ; 7 . "" , . . , ; "" , . . .
1 1852 , 2- " ". , . . , . . , , . , . (); , , , , . , , , 2- . 7 , 11 12 2- ( 5 , ; 1855). 21 .

: . 1800-1917. . 1. .: . 1990. . 593